In Latin America, almost seven countries have authorised marijuana for medicinal purposes, and only one, Uruguay, has legalised its use for recreational purposes, making it the leading nation internationally to do so.
In September 2017, this year, Ecuador joined the list of countries that have legalised cannabis for medical purposes; In Colombia – in 2016, legalised medical marijuana – a debate opened and was brought to Congress to legalise its recreational consumption.
Countries like Chile, Mexico, Peru, Argentina and Paraguay have also accepted scientific hashish. In Puerto Rico, marijuana for medicinal uses is also legal.
In Mexico, the recreational use of marijuana remains illegal even though in 2015, the nation’s Supreme Court of Justice authorised the use and cultivation of marijuana for self-consumption and recreational purposes four people who requested it.
Countries where it’s far from illegal
On international sites with Bolivia, Cuba, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, and Venezuela, the use of marijuana is in any case illegal.
In Brazil, drug law punishes the possession and consumption of drugs. And since 2015, the Brazilian Supreme Court is discussing the decriminalisation of the transport and personal use of illicit materials, but so far, it has not been successful. Although medical marijuana is not always legalised in Brazil, the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) included hashish Sativa in 2017 on the official list of drugs.
“Inclusion no longer changes the rules for downloading cannabidiol or other marijuana extracts. Nor is the measure an authorisation or popularity of cannabis as a medicinal plant, ”explains ANVISA. In other words, the materials of the factory are legal, but not the factory itself.
In Panama, however, even though a bill has been submitted to adjust it for medicinal functions, it is authorised to “sign cannabidiol and use it for medical functions,” according to the Ministry of Health.
In Costa Rica, cannabis is a prohibited substance by law. Although it criminalises its growth, distribution, and sale, it does not take into account its use as a crime, but as a public health problem, as a disorder requiring treatment and rehabilitation under the ‘Institute’s National Drug Use Survey. Of Drugs and Drug Dependence of Costa Rica, published in 2012.
Some other countries
Next to Uruguay, Canada is the second country on the planet and the leading G7 nation to authorise cannabis for recreation.
On account of this enactment, grown-ups can ship and portion as much as 30 grams of legal pot in broad daylight. They can likewise grow up to four plants in their homes and collect items, for example, those that can be expended for private use.
Consumers buy marijuana in stores that are regulated by the provinces, territories, or none of these options are available, federally licensed producers. Cannabis will no longer be sold in the same shop as tobacco or alcohol.
Meanwhile, 11 states of the United States and the District of Columbia now permit leisure use of marijuana. Medical marijuana is imprisoned in 30 worldwide sites, consistent with the National Conference of State Legislatures. Anyone over the age of 21 must buy medical marijuana in Colorado, Washington, Oregon and Alaska.
The marijuana industry had nearly $ 9 billion in sales in 2017 in the U.S. alone, in line with BDS Analytics. The profit from these sales is equivalent to the whole confectionery business.
Portugal is a pioneer of reform laws, as the United States decriminalised possession of all drugs, now not just cannabis, for non-public use in 2001. As a result, the states United States of America has the maximum evidence of impact and the alternative it can have on drug policy within the country.
Ireland, Australia, Jamaica, and Germany accepted measures in 2016 for medicinal functions, while Australia also allowed companies to apply for licenses to manufacture or develop marijuana products from for medicinal purposes and to carry out related research.
The excessive courts in South Africa and Georgia have also revoked the hashish bans, legalising the plant for individual use and grow cannabis business.
And about scientific hashish, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and the UK authorised the use of the plant in 2018.
In November, Luxembourg, the small European nation, announced that marijuana would soon be legalised for recreational use by adults.